To Make Jem

In the Hanbalî Madhhab, it is permissible to make jem' of evening and night prayers, (i.e. to perform one immediately after the other,) at home for reasons such as cold weather, winter, mud, and storm, as well as the excuses stated before in Prayer Times topic, during a journey of 80 kilometres. The sunnats are not performed when making jem'. You make niyyat (intention) when beginning the earlier one of the two salâts. People with duties and jobs inconvenient for them to perform early and late afternoon and evening prayers within their prescribed periods should imitate the Hanbalî Madhhab and make jem' of early and late afternoon prayers and evening and night prayers instead of resigning from office. If they resign from office, they will share the responsibility for the cruelties and irreligious activities likely to be perpetrated by people who will fill the vacancies they have occasioned. In the Hanbalî Madhhab, there are six fards (compulsory acts): for ablution: to wash the face together with inside of the mouth and the nostrils; to make niyyat (intention); to wash the arms; to make masah (rub the wet hands gently) on the entire head, on the ears, and on the piece of skin above them; [masah is not made on hanging parts of long hair. In the Mâlîkî Madhhab, on the other hand, masah is compulsory on the hanging parts as well;] to wash the feet together with the ankle-bones on the sides; tertîb, [i.e. to observe the prescribed order;] muwâlat [quikness]. (If the person imitating the Hanbalî Madhhab is a male Muslim,) his ablution will be broken if he feels lust in case he touches his male organ. When a women touches him, however, his ablution will not be broken even if he feels lust. Anything emitted by the skin will break the ablution if it is in a ablution. Situation in which a person has an 'udhr are the same as those in the Hanbalî Madhhab, (which are explained in the last six paragraphs of the third chapter.) In ghusl, (which is explained in the fourth chapter,) it is fard to wash inside the mouth and the nostrils and the hair, and for men to wash their plaited hair, (if they have plaited hair). It is sunnat (if ghusl is made for purification from janâbat), and fard (if it is made for purification from the state of menstruation), for women to undo their plaited hair. It is fard to sit as long as a (duration of time that would enable a person to say a certain prayer termed) tashahhud (during the sitting posture in namâz) and to make the salâm by turning the head to both sides (at the end of namâz). (These are the principles that people who imitate the Hanbalî Madhhab have to learn and observe.)