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The second fundamental of Islam is “to perform the ritual prayer (namâz, salât) [five times a day in accordance with its conditions and fards] when the time for prayer comes. ”It is fard for every Muslim to perform salât five times every day after each time of salât starts and to know that he or she performs it in due time. Performing it before its time by adapting wrong calendars prepared by ignoramuses or non-madhhabite people is a grave sin and such a salât is not sahîh. Such calendars also cause one to perform the initial sunna salât of early afternoon prayer and the fard salât of evening prayer in a makrûh time. The ritual prayer has to be performend paying attention to its fards, wâjibs and sunnas, submitting the heart to Allâhu ta’âlâ and before the due time is over. In the Qur’ân al-kerîm the ritual prayer is called ‘salât’. Salât means man’s praying, angel’s doing istighfâr, and Allâhu ta’âlâ’s having compassion and pitying. In Islam, salât means to do certain actions, to recite certain things as shown in ’ilm al-hâl books. Salât is started with the words ‘Allâhu akbar,’ called the ‘takbîr al-iftitâh,’ and said after raising the hands up to the ears till putting the hands under the navel (for men). It ends with the salâm by turning the head to the right and left shoulders at the end of the last sitting posture.